Monday, September 3, 2018

Kursus Juruaudit Dalaman Baharu SPK PPPS UKM 2018

Tarikh : 3 September 2018 (Isnin)
Masa : 8.30 Pagi - 5.00 Petang
Tempat : Bilik Bankuasi, Aras 2, Canselori

All slides are HERE (for UKM staff access only)


PM Dr. Mohd Nizam AB Rahman
Timb. Pengarah Kualiti UKM

Sesi 1: Pengenalan kepada audit kualiti dalaman
Apa manfaat menjadi auditor dalaman kepada pensyarah? Salah satu komponen naik pangkat kerana menjadi ajk lantikan universiti.

Sesi 2: Perancangan dan persediaan audit
Audit is a systematic, independent and documented process of examining any activity of an organization based on objective evidence and evaluating it objectively to see that the extent of audit criteria is fulfilled.

Quality activities: COPPA, ISO Standard
Quality objectives: Vision, Mission

Audits are used for several purposes, including: auditing conformity, assessing for certification, investigating problemn, improvement.

Terms and Definitions:
Audit Plan - description of the activities and arrangements for an audit
Auditee - organization being audited (has the right to reject the proposed auditor)
Audit criteria - set of policies, i.e., COPPA, program standard, ISO Standard
Audit scope - extent and boundaries of an audit (can visit anywhere and ask anybody in the organization during the audit), generally includes a description of the physical locations, organizational units, activities and processes, as well as the time period covered.

Type of audits (3 types):
First party - by the assigned internal auditor
Second party - by the customer of the organization
Third party - by the external auditors

Keperluan ISO9001:2015 Standard

Perbezaan antara ISO 9001:2008 dan ISO 9001:2015 (see Jadual A.1 in Lampiran A, MS ISO 9001:2015; www.iso.org/tc176/sc02/public)

Skop Pensijilan SPK PPPPS UKM
- reka bentuk dan pembangunan program pengajian prasiswazah dan siswazah
- pengurusan pengajian prasiswazah dan siswazah
(tidak termasuk penyelidikan)

6 proses teras dalam SPK PPPPS UKM
- Arahan Kerja (59? in SPD UKM online)

ISO 9001:2015 approach is based on the Plan-Do-Check-Act (PDCA) cycle. ISO 9001 clause structure = 4-10 (see Section 0.3.2, MS ISO 9001:2015).

COPPA = Areas 1 - 9

Five principles of auditing:
1. ethical conduct
2. fair presentation
3. due professional care
4. independence
5. evidence-based approach

Auditee usually only shows the facilities/documents requested by the auditor during audit. Auditee is recommended to cross/stamp any photocopied documents (evidence): FOR AUDIT PURPOSE ONLY.

7 basic steps for an audit
1. scheduling an audit
2. planning an audit
3. opening meeting
4. conducting the audit
5. reporting audit findings
6. closing meeting
7. post audit activities

Pre-audit information
- activities performed by auditee
- site master file
- quality manual
- review the layouts
- understand the process flow
- previous nonconformity reports for verification of effectiveness of corrective actions

Auditor needs to do a checklist:
- possible questions
- items to look for and observe (important process stage, records originated/maintained, personnel involved)

Auditor is to write any notes on the paper (provided) and to submit the audit notes to the audit committee after the audit. Leave space to record observations. Use only 1 sheet per process or project

Audit process:
1. Opening meeting - punctual, each side introduce the attendees (by dean/director and lead auditor), remember names, confirm or modify the agenda (agreed by both sides), attend site/dept presentation (if any)

Lead auditor:
objective and scope of audit and audit criteria
schedule of events
how the report will be prepared and its audit results
confidentiality, Q&A

Attendees:
Audit team & Management team to be audited

Chaired by:
Lead auditor/Team Leader/Host
Host to show (slide) establishment, vision, mission, staff, org chart, dev plan, student activities, etc.

2. Audit proper
Auditor interviews staff responsible for each task, obtains audit evidence (ask questions, observe actual task, check records: whether task is consistent with documented procedure and cross check with existing records, register of records: student file and meeting file)

Executing the internal audit: control audit time, observe everything, maintain control of the audit, speak and ascertain from right people, be professional, be objective (look at the facts), avoid hearsay, be nosey but polite

Audit interview: establish rapport, encourage free speaking, ask open-ended questions, closed questions (yes, no) before going for open questions, avoid repetitive questions, observe body language of auditee to adapt questions accordingly, maintain eye contact, minimize note-taking during interview, restate your understanding of their responses

Not recommended to record the audio of the interview, just take notes: persons interviewed, location observed, documents examined, records verified, clauses involved, process stage, etc.

Site / Area Tour
- observe housekeeping
- respect dress codes
- has the right to visit controlled areas
- allow one auditee to speak at one time
- talk to workers/staff/student during tour
- clarify any questions that are not clear to the auditee
- keep all the senses open
- stay close to the tour plan
- keep a record of the documents requested during tour

Examples of open questions:
- can ask any questions based on Arahan Kerja
- when are stakeholders meeting be reviewed and performed? (auditee must show evidence of this: MoM)
- how is the records controlled?
- where are the documents stored?
- 5W + 1H

Examples of closed questions:
- do you have a work instruction for this process?
- does this intrument require calibration?

Examples of clarifying questions:
- tell me more about the procedure?

Interviews can also provide evidence whether Arahan Kerja or procedures are being complied.

Questions based on PDCA:
(screenshots)

Auditing techniques: upsream (start with the final process and work backwards), downstream (start with the first process and follow the subsequent flow until the end), horizontal (across similar processes), mixed (combination of up/downstream and horizontal)

Horizontal & Vertical auditing

Types of audit finding:
1. positive findings (good practices, conformities)
2. negative findings (nonconformities NCR)
3. observations (opportunities for improvement OFI)

(continued...)

_______________________________________________________________

En. Norhishah Elias
Pengurus Kualiti UKM

Sesi 3: Memahami keperluan MS ISO 9001:2015
(screenshot Latihan 1)

Sesi 4: Pendekatan proses
(screenshot Latihan 2)

_______________________________________________________________

PM Dr. Mohd Nizam AB Rahman
Timb. Pengarah Kualiti UKM

Sesi 5: Pelaksanaan audit kualiti dalaman

(continued...)
3. Closing meeting
Attendees:
Audit team & Management team to be audited

Chaired by:
Lead auditor/Team Leader/Host
Host to show (slide) establishment, vision, mission, staff, org chart, dev plan, student activities, etc.

For internal audit: Q&A session is more open and can argue / dispute / negotiate

For external audit, can clarify in closing meeting but not the place to argue / dispute / negotiate (should be after auditing respective departments before the closing meeting is held).

- Auditors thank auditees for help and time
- positive findings are listed, then nonconformities
- Major findings > Minor findings > Observations
- findings are based on facts backed by evidence from the program standards & clauses (COPPA, ISO standard)

Auditors can survey organization's website to find out more information before auditing. Auditees can be requested according to categories / jobscope / TOR, or can choose anybody from the organization relevant to the audit being carried out. Audit can be stopped if a difficult situation arises.

Summary report:
- audit team
- dates of actual audit
- department / area / activity
- audit nonconformance reports (OFI, NCR)
- total numbers of nonconformances (system/process not defined or not implemented)
- summary

Daily wrap-up meeting (if audit is carried out on many departments in the organization)
- do not categorize the issues (major & minor)
- discuss observations with auditee
- promote understanding & prevent surprises
- clarify any follow ups for tomorrow & tomorrow's agenda
- provides clarity & keeps the auditee enganged


Sesi 7: Tindakan pembetulan dan susulan

Post audit activities:
- write and audit report (a record of the site/dept deficiencies, provide site management team with an independent report of deficiencies identified, provide information with areas of strength and those requiring improvement)
- within 2 weeks or before the next audit

Responding to audit report (auditees):
- ask to review the draft report (not practised for internal audit)
- provide a management response that includes agree/disagree to findings, corrective action plan, target date for implementation
- understand the audit follow-up process
- consult with the Quality department or Controller's office (di UKM: Pusat Jaminan Kualiti) prior to finalizing a response

_______________________________________________________________

En. Norhishah Elias
Pengurus Kualiti UKM

Sesi 6: Pelaporan audit kualiti dalaman

Siapa akan laporkan apa:

Auditor
- NCR
- pemerhatian (observation)

Ketua auditor / Ketua kumpulan
- NCR
- pemerhatian (observation)
- ringkasan audit dalaman

Wakil pengurusan
- laporan ke mesyuarat pengurusan

Rekod kualiti yang dperlukan: audit kit akan diberikan kepada kumpulan auditor (i.e., pelan audit, nota audit, etc.)

Kriteria Audit (2 sahaja): standard, prosedur yang dibangunkan oleh organisasi

Kesimpulan audit (3 sahaja): mematuhi, ketidakpatuhan, pemerhatian

Ketidakpatuhan kecil (minor noncompliance)
- berkaitan dengan sesuatu pemerhatian yang tidak menepati dalam memenuhi satu perkara dari satu prosedur yang khusus
- bermakna bahawa sistem keseluruhan adalah berfungsi tetapi ada penyimpangan yang kecil dan yang tidak ketara
- jumlah yang ketara bagi sesuatu fasa (elemen) MS ISO 9001 yang boleh mempamerkan keruntuhan sistem adalah ketidakpatuhan besar.

Ketidakpatuhan besar (major noncompliance)
- mempamerkan keruntuhan ketara terhadap perjalanan sesuatu sistem kualiti
- berkaitan dengan ketiadaan atau keruntuhan menyeluruh mengenai sesuatu sistem bagi memenuhi keperluan-keperluan dalam sesuatu fasa (elemen) MS ISO 9001
- bermakna bahawa sebahagian atau keseluruhan sistem tidak berkesan (e.g., beberapa fakulti dalam organisasi tersebut secara konsisten tidak mematuhi)

Jika terjadi ketidakpatuhan (NCR)

  • Laporan dikeluarkan
  • Tindakan pembetulan (susulan) diambil oleh auditee 30 hari selepas audit dijalankan untuk tutup kes
  • CA dibuat oleh fakulti dan disemak oleh oleh auditor
  • Auditor boleh bersetuju/tidak bersetuju dengan CA. Tarikh tindakan susulan jika ada tidak setuju perlu diputuskan bersama.
Jika pemerhatian:
  • Laporan dikeluarkan
  • Ambil tindakan penambahbaikan


UKMFIT 2.0 Week 2: 3 - 9/9/2018




Breakfast: fried meehoon 750, hot tea (sugar without milk) 60 = 810 cals

Lunch: white rice 205, mixed vegetables 60, chicken in coconut milk 180, orange cordial 50 = 495 cals

Snack: kopiko 70, mentos 10 + kuih keria 90, pau sambal 130, teh O panas 60 = 360 cals

Dinner: tuna sandwich (1 bread) = 72 cals



B: Tuna sandwich (71x2), choco drink 110
D: ditto (142)

White rice 205, ayam masak kicap 160, sayur lemak 83




Roti telur 320, kuah dhal 60, sambal 50

White rice 242, ayam masak kicap 200, honey lemon hot drink 80

White bread toast (64x2), fried egg 90, thousand island 61, sos cili 84, choco drink 110, banana milk 150





Roti 300, kuah dhal 60, sambal 50, teh halia 140

Nasi putih 206, ayam rendang 200, sayur goreng 70

Dinner: White bread toast (64x2), fried egg 90, sos cili 84, choco drink 110, banana milk 200




Breakfast: tuna sandwich 71, banana milk 200

Lunch: nasi lemak & sambal 389, telur goreng mata 90, air putih

Honey lemon 80, smoked salmon 143, seaweed (4 pcs/pack) 25, cabbage kimchi (~200g) 54

Snack: japanese cucumber (150g) 18, cabbage kimchi (~300g) 100, choco drink 110




B: white bread toast 64x2, smoke salmon 143, japanese cucumber 24, choco drink 110

L: lai chee kang 384, capati 140x2, kari sardin 70

D: mixed fruit milk shake 108, mutton soup (< 100g) 22, loaf white bread (< 100g) 47, white coffee 87

S: biskut bijan (100g) 506




B: capati 140x2, kari sardin + kentang 109, teh tarik 170

L: mihun sup 385, jagung stim 120, chilli paste 38,  jus oren 79, nasi tomato 185, daging kerbau masak hitam 261, timun 16, kari ayam 200

S: Roti jala 53, kari daging 246, kuih bingka 220, kopi 120

D: 0



"If you can't win against yourself, you can't win against anybody else."

Thursday, August 2, 2018

TALK: Bicara Cakna Kebajikan Akademik - SPPU: PROSES DAN ISU-ISU

Tempat: Blok G, Dewan Multimedia, FTSM UKM
Anjuran: Persatuan Kakitangan Akademik Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (PKAUKM) dan CELPRO (Centre for Education and Legal Profession), Fakulti Undang-Undang, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia

Antara topik yang dibincangkan dalam Seminar ini termasuk pengenalan kepada undang-undang pentadbiran secara umum, kuasa budibicara yang dibenarkan di bawah lingkup undang-undang pentadbiran, dan status undang-undang Dasar Kerajaan, Pekeliling dan Garis Panduan, terutamanya yang digunapakai dalam tadbirurus universiti secara khususnya. Selain itu, hak kakitangan akademik dalam tindakan tatatertib yang dipertuntukkan di bawah undang-undang pentadbiran terhadap pelaksanaan kuasa budibicara pihak pengurusan juga akan diperhalusi oleh penceramah-penceramah dengan berpandukan analisis kes-kes kajian yang berkenaan.

Penceramah: Cik Jane Kalang, En. Amirul Abd. Razak
  • ERK asas yang ditetapkan oleh UKM: 30:50:20 (wajaran ditentukan oleh PTJ masing-masing) 
    • E: 1-7 
    • R: 1-4 
    • K: 1-2 
  • Penilai SPPU ditentukan oleh PTJ (kecuali yang telah ditetapkan dalam polisi)
  • Cuti Belajar atau Cuti Sabatikal melebihi 6 bulan boleh dinilai oleh PTJ (pengurusan PTJ perlu tetapkan dalam sistem sebagai tidak perlu dinilai jika kurang dari tempoh ini)

Jawatankuasa SPPU yang baru ditubuhkan pada 2018 mempunyai wakil-wakil daripada:
  • BSM
  • Pusat-pusat tertentu
  • Persatuan (termasuk PKAUKM)
  • PTM
  • Majlis Dekan-dekan
  • Pengarah Institut

Beberapa isu yang dibangkitkan:
  • Penilai perlu bersemuka untuk berbincang dengan staf sebelum memberi markah < 80%
  • Birokrasi dalam proses penilaian semula perlu dikurang/tiadakan dengan pemerkasaan jawatankuasa sedia ada
  • Penilaian ke atas penerbitan perlu masa kumulatif sekurang-kurangnya 3 tahun kerana ia melibatkan pihak luar (jurnal, penganjur persidangan, dll.)
  • Markah penyeliaan untuk SPPU perlu ditambah untuk penyelia sarjana secara kursus (Master by Course) dan pra-siswazah (Undergraduate)

My Own Notes:
  • Pelantikan Gred 51 (Pekeliling 3/2018)
  • Tiada penerbitan dalam e-Rep memberi markah minimum 65% secara automatik dalam SPPU. 'Penerbitan' adalah merangkumi semua jenis penerbitan yang diterima oleh e-Rep (Pekeliling 2/2017)
  • Urusan gaji Professor yang telah bersara dan mendapat lantikan semula oleh UKM (Pekeliling 11/2017)
  • Markah dalam SPPU untuk kehadiran mimum 7 hari setahun berkursus (Pekeliling 4/2016)
  • Beberapa urusan lantikan lain:


Wednesday, August 1, 2018

TALK: Malaysia Civil Aviation Legislation Framework

By: Assoc. Prof. Ir. Abu Hanifah Haji Abdullah
Organized by: IKMAS

 

Aviation Industry Segments
  • Design 
  • Certification: ODA
  • Production: POA
  • Operation: OAC
  • Maintenance: MRO

Countries adopt: International Standards and Recommended Practices (SARPs) - Annexes
  • Laws
  • Regulations
  • Requirements
  • Guidance materials
For National Aviation Authority (NAA) of countries: Civil Aviation Authority of Malaysia is DCA
Malaysia adhere to ICAO 1944 (as a contracting state) on 7 April 1958 (A): Articles

For drones, must register if > 20 kg: PETRONAS has 2 registered drones


PART XVI: Unmmaned Aircraft Regulation
  • Weight > 20 kg must be registered
  • However, for cross-country operation, the UAV still needs to be registered by the company
  • For a research vehicle: if less than 20kg and fly above 400m (also if in populated/critical areas), must apply for a Notice to Airmen (NOTAM) for every flight plan
Example of an issue: A person may fly a Malaysian aircraft without a certificate of airworthiness if the person holds a permit to fly issued by the Director General (refer to document for replacement of DG to CEO of the CAA) > Notice 8305 & Akta A1256

Summary:


ICAO USAOP chart: Problem may occur if Malaysian aviation faces a downgrade if issues are not solved or adherence to regulations is not improved.

Documents on UAS (unmanned aircraft system) by ICAO: search keywords


Monday, July 30, 2018

TALK: Research and Innovation under Extreme Conditions - Inviting collaborative work with British Antartic Survey

Seminar Chair: Prof. Azlan (UM rep/Antartic Program)

by: Dr. Beatrix Schlarb-Ridley

Research and Innovation under Extreme Conditions - Inviting collaborative work with British Antartic Survey
10.00am - 12.00pm

NARC 

YAPSM 

NERC (under UK Research and Innovation since April 2018)

BAS 

Rothera 

Halley (moved because the ice shelf may break off as an iceberg)

BAS - Polar Science for Planet Earth 

Investigating Thwaites Glacier (5 year program)

Quantifying plastic contamination

Aurora Innovation Centre

Data collaborations 

Funding opportunities (from the UK): industrial strategy (how innovation can help business growth) & international development


Thursday, July 26, 2018

TALK: BENGKEL 'WHAT IS YOUR IP WORTH?'

Organizer: Pusat Inovasi Kolaboratif (PIK)

Pasteur's quadrant (link):


How to identify a product that has a high chance of being commercialized? Ask whether the company to commercialize the product would be interested to:
  1. License the IP
  2. Invest in further R&D
  3. Invest in production, or
  4. Invest in marketing, etc.

Patent search:
  • To be commercially viable, the product MUST be patentable. This is decided by the Tech Transfer Office (TTO in UKM: PIK) via a process that involves patent search and so on.
  • Researchers should first carry out their patent search to make sure that it has novelty before they start their work.
  • Novelty can be destroyed when it has been disclosed to the public (maybe by the researchers themselves), so the publication and exhibition must be synchronized with the patent application with the help of the TTO
  • The speaker does not recommend utility patent and grace period (1 year)

Market:
  • Tech push & market pull should exist for the product
  • Is it needed by the community? If yes, then continue
  • Is the production cost justifiable? If yes, then continue
  • Is it competing with another product that is superior in every way? If yes, then it's not commercially viable
  • Is the inventor/scientist a team player? If yes, then continue
  • Is a possible licensee already known? If yes, then the commercialization pathway could be an easy one
  • Does the product have community benefit (even if there is no economic value)? If yes, then it can probably be commercialized by a government-assisted company or by the government

Normal process of deciding a project as ACTIVE. After submission to the TTO, the result can be:
  • No, drop it
  • Yes, commercialize it
  • Need more information (maybe more research needs to be done, etc.) and this can be a loop until either of the above result is reached

Commercialization VS Publication (TTO must work with the researchers to synchronize both)
  • Commercialization
    • is premised on keeping information secret and out of the public domain
    • relies upon patent protection
  • Research objective 
    • is premised on publishing and disseminating information into the public domain
    • early publication will prejudice/compromise the patent
  • Publication, especially in high impact journals, is important to commercialization because of the LICENSING OPPORTUNITIES it creates (i.e., the commercialization occurs because of the publication)
  • Examples of distinguished scientists who have successfully publish & commercialize: Bert VogelsteinDennis C. LiottaIan Frazer, David Baltimore, Malcolm CattachRichard Harris, Mark KendallMichael James Aitken, David Noon
  • A company that wants to develop a product may just need ONE patent from the researcher, and then buy the other components from manufacturers (rather than to use all the patents that the researcher has filed because licensing fee is expensive).
  • In a commercial deal, a license will always be exclusive (because a non-exclusive license can be given to other companies by the researcher/TTO, i.e., it's not beneficial to the company because it doesn't have the monopoly on the license)



Monday, July 23, 2018

TALK: TAKLIMAT 'Exit Policy: Ketahui hak-hak anda’


Anjuran: Biro Ekonomi dan Latihan, KESUTRA ​FKAB & PKAUKM (UKM)
Oleh: Puan Siti Atiqah binti Moamat Mastam, Pegawai Psikologi (PPsi), Bahagian Sumber Manusia (BSM), UKM

Berkenaan SPPU:

Penerbitan:

Skim yang diterima selepas ditamatkan perkhidmatan di bawah Dasar Pemisah:

Monday, January 1, 2018

NANTIKAN KEMUNCULANNYA!





Dengan melanggan e-mel ini, anda akan mendapat kemaskini yang tersusun mengenai projek pendidikan kami dan sumber pendidikan percuma. E-mel anda tidak akan dikongsi dengan mana-mana pihak ketiga atau digunakan untuk apa-apa lagi.

Anda boleh berhenti melanggan senarai ini pada bila-bila masa menggunakan pautan berhenti melanggan yang terdapat dalam semua e-mel yang anda akan dapat dari kami.



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Sunday, December 31, 2017

HOW TO: Register as a Postgraduate Student (UKM)

Watch the video! 
These are the steps you usually have to go through in order to register as students in UKM...



  1. Submit your CV to your potential supervisor's email address with a short introduction of yourself and your interest in applying for the position
  2. If you are shortlisted, you will be interviewed by your potential supervisor
  3. After your potential supervisor accepts your application, finalise your preliminary research proposal after discussions and approval from your supervisor
  4. Access the guest online system:
    • Check the programs offered for that semester by the faculty/institute
    • Register with your IC number, email address, and password. Then, login.
    • Upload your preliminary research proposal, CV, certificate, etc. requested by the guest system as attachments 
    • Submit the online form (along with the attachments)
    • Specify status as part time or full time (can be changed later, subject to the Main Supervisor's approval)
  5. Your submitted application will be discussed in a meeting held by the Academic and Graduate Committee in your faculty/institute for approval
  6. After the application has been approved, you will receive an offer letter within a period of about 2 weeks
  7. Bring the offer letter to to the Centre for Academic Management (Pusat Pengurusan Akademik) to complete the student registration process
  8. If you are offered a GRA (graduate research assistance) allowance, your newly acquired student ID/matric card number will be needed by your supervisor in order to fill up the online form in the GRA application system. Your working hours as a GRA will be decided by your Project Leader (most likely, also your Main Supervisor).
  9. GRA and RA are different (see link for more info on both positions)
  10. Enroll in the compulsory courses held by your faculty/institute to attend the classes
  11. Refine your research proposal in the Research Methodology course and present it at the end of the first semester to be evaluated
  12. Your evaluation will appear in the SMPWeb online system (see figure below). You can also use the result of the proposal evaluation + 1 paper publication to apply for scholarships
  13. You will have to publish research papers in high impact peer-reviewed journals before you can graduate. The amount of published research papers required will depend on your discussion with your supervisor
  14. Present a progress report in the subsequent semesters. You must finish your work and submit your dissertations within the specified time to graduate on time (GOT):
    • Masters students = 4 semesters with high-impact paper publication
    • PhD students = 6 semesters with high-impact paper publication
  15. For those who would like to skip the masters degree and straight away  register as PhD students, there are two ways:
    • Register immediately as a PhD student (confirm your PNGK equivalency with the Assistant Registrar of the UKM faculty/research institute because different UKM faculties / research institutes may have different minimum equivalency requirements) 
    • Register as a masters student and convert to PhD later (confirm the requirements for conversion from masters to PhD with the Assistant Registrar of the UKM faculty/research institute)


Figure: SMPWeb


Tuesday, October 24, 2017

How To: Clean a Ceramic Crucible / Boat


Prepared by: Ahmad bin Pauzi (MSc Candidate, Fuel Cell Institute)

Report: How to Clean a Ceramic Crucible / Boat



            ACID TREATMENT

·       First try HCl (≥25 wt%).
o   If it is ineffective then it may be worth to try HCl + HNO3 (1:1 v/v; ≥25 wt%), with the safety concerns that apply to aqua regia.
o   Carry out all these experiments under fumehood
·       After cleaning rinsed with Distilled water
·       Dry the crucible at 110 Degree for 10 h and heat first empty run slowly up to 1000 Degree.


HEAT TREATMENT

·       If the marking is due to organic part of Carbon simply heat your boat/crucibles in air atmosphere slowly up to 1200 Degree Centigrade.
o   Ramp rate 2 Degree and Dwell Time at 900 Degree for 10 minute will be good enough to remove solid carbon deposited in your components.


Friday, August 4, 2017

TALK: Tip Penulisan Jurnal

By: Prof. Ir. Dr. Siti Kartom Kamarudin
  • Technical paper:
    • Title: catchy and true
    • Abstract: support the title
    • Introduction: what was the research problem?
    • Literature survey: what has been done previously (in published works)?
    • Materials & methods: how was the problem solved?
    • Results: what data was obtained?
    • Discussion: what does each of the results mean?
    • Conclusion: what was the contribution to knowledge? (answers the problem statement)
  • Review paper:
    • Keywords will be found from your project/paper title
    • Read a lot of review papers in your field to absorb their writing style
    • Look at the abstracts and conclusions in the papers you have searched
    • Screen 200-300 relevant papers to get 100+ papers to extract
    • Highlight and categorise the important points according to your TOC
    • Carry out content analysis and the scenario must be in sequence
    • Express the main points and arguments of the article in your own words
    • Express your opinion about the reviewed articles (advantages, disadvantages, suggestions, new findings, future advancements, economic analysis, etc.)
    • Must cite all the papers used properly
    • Start writing and have a consistently regular writing time
  • Thesis (PhD):
    • Research proposal is the draft for Chapter 1
    • Review paper is the draft for Chapter 2
    • Technical paper 1 will cater to Objective 1
    • Technical paper 2 will cater to Objective 2
    • Technical paper 3 will cater to Objective 3
    • Technical paper 4 will cater to Objective 4

Tuesday, July 25, 2017

TALK: Cabaran Akademia Menuju TN50

Penceramah: Prof Datuk Dr Mohd Idrus Mohd Masirin (Presiden MAAC)
Tempat: Dewan Kayangan, Kelab Golf Danau, UKM
Masa: 10.30 - 11.45am

MAAC:
MAAC merupakan gabungan 21 buah kesatuan dan persatuan universiti awam (UA) yang memainkan peranan utama bagi mening­katkan taraf profesionalisme dalam kalangan ahli-ahlinya. (rujuk)

Tugas Akademik:
Apabila bilangan pelajar bertambah, maknanya tugas pensyarah juga bertambah. Kalau dulu universiti hanya mensasarkan 5P sebagai fokus tugas pensyarah iaitu Pengajaran, Penyeliaan, Penyelidikan, Penerbitan dan Pentadbiran, kini pensyarah perlu memfokus kepada 9P iaitu ditambah dengan Perundingan, Perkhidmatan Masyarakat, Perhubungan dan Jalinan Industri serta Pengantarabangsaan. (rujuk)

PPMPT 10 Cabaran:
LONJAKAN 1: GRADUAN HOLISTIK, BERCIRI KEUSAHAWANAN DAN SEIMBANG
LONJAKAN 2: KECEMERLANGAN BAKAT
LONJAKAN 3: MENGHAYATI PEMBELAJARAN SEPANJANG HAYAT
LONJAKAN 4: GRADUAN TVET BERKUALITI
LONJAKAN 5: KEMAMPANAN KEWANGAN
LONJAKAN 6: PEMANTAPAN TADBIR URUS
LONJAKAN 7: EKOSISTEM INOVASI
LONJAKAN 8: KEUNGGULAN GLOBAL
LONJAKAN 9: PEMBELAJARAN DALAM TALIAN TAHAP GLOBAL
LONJAKAN 10: TRANSFORMASI PENYAMPAIAN PENDIDIKAN TINGGI (rujuk)

Orange Book (PDF):
This book contains guidelines to support Malaysian HLIs in their efforts to develop the DCP framework for their academic staff. The objectives of this Orange Book are to:
  • develop an understanding of the need to implement the DCP framework;
  • help HLIs plan and implement DCP, taking into consideration the mission of their respective institutions;
  • and provide HLIs guidance on leadership development strategies to support the DCP framework. (rujuk)

Revolusi Industri 4.0:
Revolusi perindustrian pertama tertumpu pada penggunaan mesin berkuasa wap, kedua pada elektrik untuk mengubah barisan pemasangan dan ketiga berkisar kepada penggunaan teknologi maklumat (IT) untuk terus mengautomasikan lagi barisan pengeluaran.
Revolusi perindustrian keempat pula akan menyaksikan Internet of Things (IoT) membaik pulih bukan sahaja perniagaan, tetapi hampir semua aspek kehidupan seharian.
Ia adalah trend semasa automasi dan pertukaran data dalam teknologi pembuatan yang mewujudkan "kilang pintar", di mana mesin disambungkan dengan web dan kepada satu sistem yang boleh menggambarkan keseluruhan rantaian pengeluaran dan membuat keputusan dengan sendiri. (rujuk)

7 Bidang Fokus TN50:
Nilai Murni, Urustadbir, Persekitaran, Pendidikan/Pembelajaran, Pekerjaan, Gaya Hidup, dan Malaysia di Pentas Global
Rujukan TN50:

  • https://www.iseas.edu.sg/images/pdf/ISEAS_Perspective_2017_31.pdf
  • http://www.akademisains.gov.my/download/Malaysia%202050%20Smart%20Communities%20Presentation%20MATRADE%2026th%20January%202017.pdf
  • https://mytn50.com/


Monday, July 17, 2017

Theoretical/Conceptual Framework


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Other Ref:
  1. http://library.sacredheart.edu/c.php?g=29803&p=185919
  2. https://www.scribbr.com/dissertation/the-theoretical-framework-of-a-dissertation-what-and-how/#sample-theoretical-framework
  3. https://explorable.com/research-paper-outline-examples
  4. http://personal.cege.umn.edu/~smith/docs/RREE-Research_Frameworks-Svinicki.pdf
  5. http://personal.cege.umn.edu/~smith/docs/Streveler_Smith-RREE2-Conceptual_Frameworks-Valpo-2010_v4.pdf
  6. https://stemeducationjournal.springeropen.com/articles/10.1186/s40594-016-0046-z





Monday, July 10, 2017

What is in an "Introduction" section of a paper: Extracts from the Internet



The Sections of the Paper

Most journal-style scientific papers are subdivided into the following sections: TitleAuthors and AffiliationAbstractIntroductionMethodsResultsDiscussionAcknowledgments, and Literature Cited, which parallel the experimental process. This is the system we will use. This website describes the style, content, and format associated with each section.

The sections appear in a journal style paper in the following prescribed order:


 Experimental process

 Section of Paper

What did I do in a nutshell? 

Abstract

 What is the problem?

Introduction

 How did I solve the problem?

 Materials and Methods

 What did I find out?

 Results

 What does it mean?

 Discussion

 Who helped me out?

 Acknowledgments (optional)

 Whose work did I refer to?

 Literature Cited

 Extra Information

Appendices (optional)




Sample #1

Thesis Topic: A Study on Factors Affecting the Infant Feeding Practices of Mothers in Las Pinas City
  1. Introduction
    1. Statement of the Problem
    2. Definition of Terms
    3. Theoretical Framework
    4. Methodology
      1. Type of Research
      2. Respondents
      3. Questionnaire
    5. Hypothesis
    6. Review of Related Literature
    7. Scope and Limitations
    8. Significance of the Study
  2. Body
    1. Background of the Study
      1. Benefits of Breastfeeding
      2. WHO Recommendations
      3. The International Code of Marketing of Breast Milk Substitutes
      4. The Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative
      5. The Innocenti Declaration on the Protection, Promotion and Support of Breastfeeding
      6. National Situationer
      7. The Milk Code
      8. BFHI in the Philippines
      9. Milk Code Violations
      10. Formula Feeding
      11. Factors Influencing the Decision Regarding Infant Feeding Method
      12. Area Situationer
    2. Presentation and Analysis of Data
      1. Socio-economic Demographic Profile of Mothers
      2. Information Regarding Current (Youngest) Infant
      3. Current Infant Feeding Practices of Mothers
        1. Exclusive Breastfeeding
        2. Mixed Feeding
        3. Formula Feeding
      4. Previous Infant Feeding Practices
      5. Maternal Knowledge
      6. Correlation Tests
  3. Conclusion
    1. Concluding Statement
      1. Analytical Summary
      2. Thesis Reworded
    2. Recommendations